Umbilical Cord Clamping Publications

At Information About Umbilical Cord Clamping, our goal is to help parents make educated decisions regarding cord clamping and harvesting cord blood. The following publications present recent evidence about the connection between delayed clamping and newborn health, as well as practices that make birth as stress-free and gentle as possible on the baby.

Original Publications in Peer-Reviewed Journals

Mercer, J., Nelson, C., Skovgaard R (2000). "Umbilical Cord Clamping: Beliefs And Practices Of American Nurse-Midwives." Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, 45(1), 58.

Mercer, J. (2001). "Current Best Evidence: A Review Of The Literature On Umbilical Cord Clamping." Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, invited, November/December 2001;46(6):402-414. 

Reprinted in Midirs-Midwifery Digest, 12(2), 249-257.
Reprinted in Midwifery Best Practice Series: Volume 4, Elsevier.

Mercer, J., Skovgaard R. "Neonatal Transitional Physiology: A New Paradigm." Journal Of Neonatal And Perinatal Nursing, 2002;15(4):56-75.

Mercer, J, McGrath, M, Silver, H, Hensman, A, Oh, W. (2003) "Immediate And Delayed Cord Clamping In Infants Born Between 24 To 32 Weeks: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial." Journal of Perinatology, 23:466-472.

Leffers, J, Martins, D, McGrath, M, Brown, D, Mercer, J, Sullivan, M, Viau, P. (2004). Development of Theoretical Construct for Risk and Vulnerability from Six Empirical Studies. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 18(1):15-34.

Mercer, J, Skovgaard R, Peareara-Eaves, J, Bowman, T. "Nuchal Cord Management And Nurse-Midwifery Practice." Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, September/October 2005.

Mercer, J, McGrath, M, Vohr, B, Wallach, M, Padbury, J, Oh, W. (2006). "Delayed Cord Clamping In Very Preterm Infants Reduces The Incidence Of Intraventricular Hemorrhage And Late Onset Sepsis: A Randomized Controlled Trial." Pediatrics, 117(4).

Mercer, J, Erickson-Owens, D, Graves, B, Mumford-Haley, M. "Evidence-Based Practices for the Fetal to Newborn Transition." Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, 2007;52:262-271.

Coggins, M., Mercer, J. Delayed Cord Clamping Offers Advantages to Infants. Nursing for Women's Health, 2009;13(2):132-139.

Mercer, JS, Vohr, BR, Erickson-Owens, DA, Padbury, JF, Oh, W, (2010), Seven-month developmental outcomes of very low birth weight infants enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of delayed versus immediate cord clamping. J Perinatol. 30(1), 11-16.

Sommers, R., Stonestreet, B., Oh, W., Laptook, A., Yanowitz, T., Raker, C., Mercer, J. "Hemodynamic effects of delayed cord clamping in premature infants" Pediatrics, 2012;129(3):e667-e672.

Erickson-Owens, D., Mercer, J., Oh, W. "Umbilical cord milking in term infants delivered by cesarean section: A randomized controlled trial" Journal of Perinatology, doi: 10.1038/jp.2011.159.

Backes C, Rivera B, Haque U, Bridge J, Smith C, Hutchon D, Mercer J. "Placental Transfusion Strategies in Very Preterm Neonates: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2014 124(1).

Mercer, J., Erickson-Owens D., "Is it time to rethink cord management when resuscitation is needed?" Accepted by Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, March 2014. NIHMS581881.

Books & Book Chapters

Mercer, J, Skovgaard, R. (2004). "Fetal to Neonatal Transition: First, Do No Harm." In Downe, S, eds. Normal Birth (pp 141-160). Oxford: Elsevier Limited.

Mercer, J, Skovgaard, R. Erickson-Owens, D. (2007). "Fetal to Neonatal Transition: First, Do No Harm." In Downe, S, eds Normal Birth, 2nd Edition Edinburg, Churchhill Livingstone Elsevier, 2008.

Mercer, J, and Erickson-Owens, D. (2009). "The Midwifery View of Shoulder Dystocia. In O'Leary's Shoulder Dystocia and Birth Injury.3rd Edition. Totowa, NJ: Human Press

Mercer, J. Erickson-Owens, D. (2010). "Evidence for Neonatal Transition and the First Hour of Life." In Walsh, D, and Downe, S. Essential Midwifery Practice: Intrapartum Care. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley- Blackwell

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Rabe, H, Mercer, J. (2004). "Concerning the Article by L. Capasso et al.: Early Cord Clamping Protects At-Risk Neonates from Polycythemia." Biology of the Neonate, 86(2):108

Mercer, J, Erickson-Owens, D. "Delayed cord clamping increases infants' iron stores." Invited Comment, The Lancet, 2006;367(9527):1956-1958.

Mercer, J, Erickson-Owens, D, Letter to the Editor, Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, 2007; 52(5):524-5.

Mercer J, Erickson-Owens D. Cardiac asystole at birth: is hypovolemic shock the cause? Medical Hypotheses, 2009 Apr;72(4):458-63. Epub 2009 Jan 1.

Mercer, J. and Bewley, S. (2009). Letter to the editor. Could early cord clamping harm neonatal stabilization? Lancet. Aug 1. 374(9687), 377-8.